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Dahlquist, L.M., McKenna, K.D., Jones, K.K., Dillinger, L., Weiss, K.E., & Ackerman, C.S. (2007). Active and passive distraction using a head-mounted display helmet: effects on cold pressor pain in children. Journal of Health Psychology 26:794–780.


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Faber, A.W., Patterson D.R., & Bremer, M. (2013). Repeated use of immersive virtual reality therapy to control Pain during wound dressing changes in Pediatric and Adult Burn Patients. Journal of Burn Care and Research 34(5): 563–568.


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Fineout-Overholt, E., Mazurek Melnyk, B., Stillwell, S.B. & Williamson, K.M. (2010). Evidence-Based Practice Step by Step: Critical Appraisal of the Evidence: Part I. Amercian Journal of Nursing 110 (7):47-52.


Flores, A., Hoffman, H.G., Russell, W., et al. CyberTherapy Conference. San Diego, CA: 2008. Longer, multiple virtual reality pain distraction treatments of hispanic and caucasian children with large severe burns.


Freeman, D., Pugh, K., Green, C., Valmaggia, L., Dunn, G., & Garety, P. (2007). A measure of state persecutory ideation for experimental studies. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 195:781–784.


Friedman, D., Leeb, R., Pfurtscheller, G., & Slater, M. (2010). Human–computer interface issues in controlling virtual reality with brain–computer interface. Human-Computer Interaction 25:67-93.


Frenay, M.C., Faymonville, M.E., Devlieger, S., Albert, A., & Vanderkelen, A. (2001). Psychological approaches during dressing changes of burned patients: a prospective randomised study comparing hypnosis against stress reducing strategy. Burns 27:793–799.


Furman, E., Jasinevicius, T.R., Bissada, N.F., Victoroff, K.Z., Skillicorn, R., & Buchner, M. (2009). Virtual reality distraction for pain control during periodontal scaling and root planing procedures. J Am Dent Assoc. 140(12):1508–1516.


Gershon, J., Anderson, P., Graap, K., Zimand, E., Hodges, L., & Rothbaum, B.O. (2001). Virtual reality exposure therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Sci Rev Ment Health Pract. 1:76–81.


Gershon, J., Zimand, E., Lemos, R., Rothbaum, B.O., & Hodges, L. (2003). Use of virtual reality as a distractor for painful procedures in a patient with pediatric cancer: a case study. CyberPsychology & Behavior 6:657–661.


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Gold, J.I., Belmont, K.A., & Thomas, D.A. (2007). The neurobiology of virtual reality pain attenuation. CyberPsychology & Behavior 10(4):536−544.


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Hoffman, H.G., Doctor, J.N., Peterson, D.R., Carrougher, G.J., & Furness, T.A. (2000). Virtual reality as an adjunctive pain control during burn wound care in adolescent patients. Bread. 85(1-2):305–309.


Hoffman, H.G., Doctor, J.N., Peterson, D.R., Carrougher, G.J., & Furness, T.A. (2000). Use of virtual reality for adjunctive treatment of adolescent burn pain during wound care: A case report. Pain 85:305–309.


Hoffman, H.G., Patterson, D.R., & Carrougher, G.J. (2000). Use of virtual reality for adjunctive treatment of adult burn pain during physical therapy: a controlled study. The Clinical Journal of Pain 16:244–250.


Hoffman, H.G., Garcia-Palacios, A., Patterson, D.R., Jensen, M., Furness, T., & Ammons, W.F. Jr. (2001). The effectiveness of virtual reality for dental pain control: a case study. CyberPsychology & Behavior 4(4):527–535.


Hoffman, H.G., Patterson, D.R., Carrougher, G.J., & Sharar, S.R. (2001). Effectiveness of virtual reality-based pain control with multiple treatments. The Clinical Journal of Pain 17:229–235.


Hoffman, H.G., Garcia-Palacios, A., Kapa, V., Beecher, J., & Sharar, S.R. (2003). Immersive virtual reality for reducing experimental ischemic pain. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 15:469–486.


Hoffman, H.G., Patterson, D.R., Magula, J., Carrougher, G.J., Zeltzer, K., Dagadakis, S., & Sharar, S.R. (2004). Water-friendly virtual reality pain control during wound care. Journal of Clinical Psychology 60:189–195.


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Hoffman, H.G., Richards, T.L., Coda, B., Bills, A.R., Blough, D., Richards, A.L., & Sharar, S.R. (2004). Modulation of thermal pain-related brain activity with virtual reality: evidence from fMRI. Neuroreport 15(8):1245– 1248.


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Hoffman, H.G., Seibel, E.J., Richards, T.L., Furness, T.A., Patterson, D.R., & Sharar, S.R. (2006). Virtual reality helmet display quality influences the magnitude of virtual reality analgesia. Journal of Pain 7(11):843–850.


Hoffman, H.G., Richards, T.L., Van Oostrom, T., Coda, B.A., Jensen, M.P., Blough, D.K., & Sharar, S.R. (2007). The analgesic effects of opioids and immersive virtual reality distraction: evidence from subjective and functional brain imaging assessments. Anesthesia & Analgesia 105:1776–1783.


Hoffman, H.G., Patterson, D.R., Seibel, E., Soltani, M., Jewett-Leahy, L., & Sharar, S.R. (2008). Virtual reality pain control during burn wound debridement in the hydrotank. The Clinical Journal of Pain 24(4):299–304.


Hoffman, G.H., Patterson, D.R., Maryam Soltani, M., et al. (2009). Virtual reality pain control during physical therapy range of motion exercises for a patient with multiple blunt force trauma injuries. CyberPsychology & Behavior 12(1):47-49.


Hoffman, H.G., Chambers G.T., Meyer W.J., Arceneaux, L.L., Russell, W.J., Seibel, E.J., Richards T.L., Sharar S.R., & Patterson D.R. (2011). Virtual reality as an adjunctive non-pharmacologic analgesic for acute burn pain during medical procedures. Annals of Behavorial Medicine 41(2):183-191.


Hoffman, G.H., Meyer, W.J., Ramirez, M., Roberts, L., & Seibel, E.J. (2014). Feasibility of Articulated Arm Mounted Oculus Rift Virtual Reality Goggles for Adjunctive Pain Control During Occupational Therapy in Pediatric Burn Patients. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 17(6):397-401.


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